open pit copper mining process

Open Pit Mining Pros & Cons | Sciencing

Open pit mining -- or strip mining -- is an extraction process for ore or fossil fuels that takes place at the surface of a mining site. Worldwide, 40 percent of mining occurs at the surface, according to Greenpeace International. Compared with underground mining, surface mining is much more efficient.

Open Cut and Underground Mining | iMINCO

Underground Mining. Underground Mining is generally used for areas where the mineral seam is too far underground for open cut mining to be of use. A tunnel, called a decline, is created to allow workers and machinery to reach the location of the minerals. Stope mining is used for most hard rock mining of minerals such as copper, silver, lead ...

Bingham Canyon Mine - Wikipedia

The Bingham Canyon Mine, more commonly known as Kennecott Copper Mine among locals, is an open-pit mining operation extracting a large porphyry copper deposit southwest of Salt Lake City, Utah, in the Oquirrh Mountains.The mine is the largest man-made excavation in the world and is considered to have produced more copper than any other mine in history – more than 19 million tons.

Open Pit Mining Techniques|Surface Mines|Rock or Mineral ...

Open-pit Mining Open-pit mining, also known as opencast mining, open-cut mining, and strip mining, means a process of digging out rock or minerals from the earth by their elimination from an open pit or borrow. The word is used to distinguish this type of mining from …

Copper Mining and Production Processes Explained

Copper mining. The following gives an overview of how copper is extracted from its ore and converted into pure metal. Mining. The ore is removed from the ground in either open pit or underground mines. Underground – sinking a vertical shaft into the earth to reach the copper ore and driving horizontal tunnels into the ore.

Open-pit mining - Wikipedia

Open-pit mining causes changes to vegetation, soil, and bedrock, which ultimately contributes to changes in surface hydrology, groundwater levels, and flow paths. Additionally, open-pit produces harmful pollutants depending on the type of mineral being mined, and the type of mining process …

COST ESTIMATION FOR OPEN PIT MINES: TACKLING COST ...

COST ESTIMATION FOR OPEN PIT MINES: TACKLING COST UNCERTAINTIES. ... the copper mine has total resource of 84Mt. ... for open pit mine planning projects. In this paper, a …

Morenci Copper Mine, Arizona - Mining Technology | Mining ...

The Detroit Copper Company started mining at Morenci, 16km south of Silver City, Arizona, in 1872. Copper Queen Consolidated Mining bought the property in 1885, with the company name changed to Phelps Dodge in 1917. Ninety years later in March 2007, Phelps Dodge merged with Freeport McMoRan Copper ...

Lessons From the Most Toxic Open Pit Copper Mine in the World

Nov 28, 2016· Except for canaries, underground mines have never been a threat to birds, and underground mines were the norm until the 1950s when open pit mining began in Montana. The Berkeley Pit was the first open pit mine in the area and today it is the most toxic open pit copper mine in the world. And it is lethal to water birds.

Mining Facts for Kids

Coal, copper and other minerals are dug out of the pits. Very deep pits sometimes hold uranium. Once the minerals or coal is gone, the pits are filled with trash and covered with soil. The biggest open pit mine in the world is the Bingham Canyon copper mine in Utah, which is almost one mile deep. Quarrying is the process of cutting stone ...

Copper mining. From ore to copper. - SchoolScience.co.uk

Part of an interactive on-line booklet about copper mining explaining the early, physical stages in the process. page 3: From ore to copper : On the previous page, we introduced the main stages in producing copper. Here we will look at the steps before any chemical reactions take place. ... open pit: 90% of ore is mined by this method. Ores ...

Open Pit Gold Mining - YouTube

Dec 10, 2011· Gold is now primarily found in very low concentrations. Open pit mines, like the one shown in this video, process tons of rock in order to extract just a few ounces. This process is extremely ...

The world's top 10 highest-grade copper mines – MINING.COM

First Quantum's CLC copper deposit is exceptionally rich, and with ore reserves grading 5% copper it is believed to be the highest-grade open-pit active copper mine worldwide.

2. Mining Methods - Copper

Open pit mining is a technique used to extract copper ore near the earth's surface. Open pit mining is the most widely used technique of mining copper today. It is accomplished by creating and using benches or terraces to gradually reach deeper under the earth's surface.

1.1 PHASES OF A MINING PROJECT - Home | ELAW

1.1 PHASES OF A MINING PROJECT ... 1.1.3.1 Open-pit mining Open-pit mining is a type of strip mining in which ... (copper)). If a mining project involves the extraction of a few hundred million metric tons of mineral ore, then the mine project will generate a similar quantity

Basics of an open pit mine - Mine Engineer.Com

Open pit mines can be used in coal mining, and they are used extensively in "hard rock" mining for ores such as metal ores, copper, gold, iron, aluminum, and many minerals. In a open pit coal mine, the pit bottom would be the bottom mined coal seam elevation, since it is usually feasible to extract multiple seams when surface mining coal.

From Ore to Finished Product - Copper

Copper - From Beginning to End. Copper is a major metal and an essential element used by man. It is found in ore deposits around the world. It is also the oldest metal known to man and was first discovered and used about 10,000 years ago. And as alloyed in bronze (copper-tin alloy) about 3000 BC, was the first engineering material known to man.

Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Mining …

Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Mining Industry 5.1 Process Overview 5.1.1 Copper Ore Mining Copper is commonly extracted from surface, underground and increasingly, from in situ operations. In 2000, the principal mining States, in descending order, Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, and Montana, accounted for 99 percent of domestic ...

ASARCO » Mine Tours

The Mission open-pit copper mine was at one time five separate mining properties, but over the years, Asarco has combined them into one integrated mining operation. The mine occupies around 20,000 acres of private, State leased, and Indian land. As of July 2011 there are over 600 employees working three shifts, 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Copper Mining & Extraction Process Flow Chart

This flowchart made of machinery icons explains or expresses in simple but clear terms the step of the Copper Mining and Copper Extraction Process. Starting from either open-pit or underground mining and using a different relevant treatment method for oxide or sulphide copper mineral (ore). Having a quick look now at how porphyry ores are treated and the metals extracted.

Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology - Princeton …

Chapter 6 Copper Production Technology The last boomin technological innovation for the copper industry occurred in the first two dec-ades of this century, whenopen pit mining, flo- tation concentration,and the reverberatory smelter were adapted to porphyry copper ores. With the exception of leaching-solvent extrac-

[PHOTOS] Top 10 Largest Open Pit Mines in the World | Top ...

Open-pit mining is one of the most commonly used techniques to extract minerals from the Earth. The process, which is also known as "opencast mining," "open-cut mining" and "strip mining," is used when deposits are located close to the surface, and entails digging or …

Copper Mining Videos,Copper -mine videos,mines videos ...

Copper Mining Videos. ... Copper Mining Process The Mining Process at Copper Mountain Mine. Extraction of Copper This illustrates the main steps in Extracting pure Copper. Open Pit Blasting Explosion Explosion Open pit blasting is a small playlist of blasts' from the copper mine . Copper is Mined and Refined ...

Top 10 deep open-pit mines - Mining Technology

Sep 26, 2013· The deepest open pit mines are scattered geographically across the world unlike the deepest underground mines, which are mostly concentrated in South Africa. The majority of the deepest open pit operations in the world are copper producing mines. Mining-technology …

Open-Pit Copper Mining at Bingham Canyon – Utah Geological ...

In 1910, Utah Copper was recapitalized and merged with Newhouse's Boston Consolidated. Today, a century after the initial open-pit copper ore was shipped, Bingham Canyon remains one of the world's largest producers of copper along with by-product gold, molybdenum, and silver.

The World's 20 Largest Copper Mines - The Balance

The world's 20 largest copper mines produce nearly 9 million metric tons of the precious metal a year, about 40 percent of the world's total copper mine capacity. Chile and Peru, alone, account for about half of the copper mines on this list, but the U.S. does make the cut, with two mines among the top 20.

Copper Mining and Processing: Processing of Copper Ores ...

The first steps of copper processing are the same for both ores: mining and transporting. Copper mining is usually performed using open-pit mining, in which a series of stepped benches are dug deeper and deeper into the earth over time. To remove the ore, boring machinery is used to drill holes into the hard rock, and explosives are inserted ...

Largest open pit copper mine in the world at Santa Rita ...

Largest open pit copper mine in the world at Santa Rita, New Mexico. Copper was discovered here by an officer of the Spanish army in 1800 who sold the same to a wealthy Spanish merchant. Pure native copper was transported by pack mule to Mexico City to enter the royal mint for coinage.